# Stoichiometric Calculations: Exercises and Solutions

### Exercise: Balance the following chemical reactions:

*Exercise on Balancing Chemical Reactions*

Check your answers here:
*Solution to the Exercise on Balancing Chemical Reactions*

### Formula weight of a molecule

The summation of the atomic weights of all atoms In the chemical formula of the molecule.

Note: Formula weight calculated by this way is also known as "Molecular Formula Weight" or "Molecular Weight"

Question: Calculate the formula weight of HClO_{4}

^{1}_{1.01}H

^{17}_{35.5}Cl

^{8}_{16}O

Solution:** Molecular Weight = (1 × 1) + (1 × 35.5) + (4 × 16) = 100.5 amu**

### Example: Calculate the % N in NH_{4}NO_{3}

^{8}_{16}O

^{1}_{1.01}H

^{7}_{14}N

% N = (((# of atoms of the element) × (atomic weight of the element))/ (Formula weight of the compound))) × 100 =

= (2 × 14) / ((1 × 14) + (4 × 1) + (1 × 14) + (3 × 16)) = 35; which means that NH_{4}NO_{3} contains 35% of N.

### Exercise: Calculate the formula weight of the following molecules

*Exercise on Calculating the Formula Weight of Molecules*

Check your answers here:
*Solution to the Exercise on Calculating the Formula Weight of Molecules*

### Exercise: Mole & Molar Mass

*Exercise on Mole & Molar Mass*

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*Solution to the Exercise on Mole & Molar Mass*

*Exercise on Number of Atoms and Moles*

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*Solution to the Exercise on Number of Atoms and Moles*

*Exercise on Finding Mass and Number of Moles*

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*Solution to the Exercise on Finding Mass and Number of Moles*

*Exercise on Mass Produced from Burning Butane *

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*Solution to the Exercise on Mass Produced from Burning Butane*

*Exercise on Finding the Limiting Reactant*

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*Solution to the Exercise on Finding the Limiting Reactant*

*Exercise on Finding Theoretical Yield *

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*Solution to the Exercise on Finding Theoretical Yield *

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Date of last modification: 2022