Gases are highly compressible and occupy the full volume of their containers.
When a gas is subjected to:
High pressure, its volume decreases.
High temperature, its volume increases.
Gases always form homogeneous mixtureswith other gases.
It is the force acting on an object per unit area. P = F / A
Gravity exerts a force on the earth's atmosphere.
If a column of air 1 m2 in cross section exerts a force of 105 N.
Therefore, the pressure of a 1 m2 Column of air is 100 kPa (kilo Pascals) SI Units of pressure: 1 N = 1 kg•m/s2; 1 Pa = 1 N/m2
Atmospheric pressure is measured with a barometer.
If a tube is inserted into a container of mercury (Hg) open to the atmosphere,
Hg will rise 760 mm up the tube.
ONE Atmosphere is the pressure required to support 760 mm of Hg in a column.
Units of Pressure
1 atm = 760 mm Hg = 760 torr = 1.01325 × 10 Pa = 101.325 KPa
The pressures of gases not open to the atmosphere are measured in manometers
A manometer consists of a bulb of gas attached to a U-tube containing Hg
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Date of last modification: Summer , 2019